Skip to content

Chand taro se raat jagmagane lagi Phoolon ki khushboo se duniya mehkane lagi So jaiyo raat ho gayi hai kafi Nindiya rani bhi aapko dekhne hai aane lagi…



Chand taro se raat jagmagane lagi Phoolon ki khushboo se duniya mehkane lagi So jaiyo raat ho gayi hai kafi Nindiya rani bhi aapko dekhne hai aane lagi…


Love Poem


Feeling of love



Forest Service Botanist Shares Fall’s Native Plant Diversity on South Dakota’s Black Hills National Forest


Perhaps it’s just me, but I think many people are relieved to see the fall colors and relish the cool mornings here on the Black Hills National Forest.

It was a long, hot summer in the forests of the U.S. Forest Service’s Rocky Mountain Region.  The Black Hills are a forested “island in the plains,” known for its pine-clad hills, which straddle the border of South Dakota and Wyoming. Every fall I am asked what is wrong with the ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum) trees, which appear only half-green. Fall needlecast is natural for many conifers, including ponderosa pine. The trees shed their oldest leaves each fall, but the leaves at the branch tips remain green. Pine trees that lose their newer leaves at the branch tips may be stressed or diseased.


While the Black Hills may be recognizable for their extensive ponderosa pine forests, many other plant communities interest me here on the Northern Hills Ranger District. The northern Black Hills located south of Spearfish, S.D., are rich with native plant diversity and wildlife habitat that display an array of beautiful and subtle changes in the fall. Scenic drives on the Peter Norbeck Scenic Byway and the Spearfish Canyon Scenic Byway make viewing the breathtaking fall colors as easy as turning the car key in the ignition. But when I get into the woods during the lovely fall days, I like to explore some more remote country up close.


This brightgreen spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum) was found growing out of a rock wall. This fern is uncommon in South Dakota, and is restricted to a few western counties where it can be found growing on limestone cliffs and boulders in the Black Hills.


The northern and eastern fronts of the Black Hills uplift are incised with hundreds of small draws and tributaries to the area’s larger streams, such as Spearfish Creek and Elk Creek. These small, rich draws are replete with a diversity of plants normally associated with eastern and boreal forest types that lie well to the north and east of the Black Hills.



The Bear and Beaver Gulches Botanical Area located on the Northern Hills Ranger District of the Black Hills National Forest in southwestern South Dakota offers quiet visitors the best that autumn in the forest can offer a measure of tranquility. Photo by Jill Welborn.

A superb example of this community type is conserved in the Bear and Beaver Gulches Botanical Area located on the Northern Hills Ranger District of the Black Hills National Forest.

Here, the falling leaves collect in spring-fed streams and pools, reflecting the multi-layered riparian forest along the stream banks. The early summer rush of the snow-fed, creek flow is a distant memory at this time of year.

The U.S. Forest Service is waiving fees at most of its day-use recreation sites over the Veterans Day holiday weekend, Nov. 10-12. The fee waiver days support the goals of President Obama’s America’s Great Outdoors initiative and First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! Outside. To find a forest near you, check out our Forest Locator Map!


Candle Lighting: How To









1. Lighting time varies, depending on the time of year and city location, but must always be done before sunset. There are special calendars that you can buy at your local Jewish bookstore that will list all the candle lighting times for the year. Or download one for free If you don’t have such a guide, simply check your local newspaper for the time of sunset and subtract 18 minutes. That is candle lighting time.

This however is only the preferred form of candle lighting. If one did not light candles 18 minutes before sunset he can still light candles up to a few minutes before sunset. Beware however, for your watch may be off, and it is always forbidden to light candles after sunset.

The reason why we light candles a few minutes early is in order to avoid any possibility of starting Shabbat late. Think of it as a train leaving the station. If you’re one minute late, you missed it.

By the way, though most communities light Shabbat candles 18 minutes before sunset, local custom may vary. For instance in Jerusalem, the custom is to light 40 minutes before sunset.

2. It is customary to use white candles, although any can be used, as long as they will burn for two to three hours. Do not use Chanukah or birthday candles, for they burn too quickly.

3. The candles should be lit in an area where they can be seen, but not in a place where a breeze could extinguish the flames or cause them to burn faster, or where children could reach them. (There’s more than one story of children innocently blowing out the candles, as if they were on the top of a birthday cake!)











4. Always let the candles burn naturally; never extinguish them yourself. If for some reason a candle goes out before completely burning down, don’t worry, you have already fulfilled the mitzvah.

5. Once lit, the candles should not be moved until after Shabbat.

6. Many have embraced the custom of depositing a few coins in a tzedakah (charity) box just before candle lighting time.

7. In reverence for the moment, married women cover their hair, often with a kerchief, before lighting.

8. While women usually begin Shabbat upon lighting the candles, men usually begin Shabbat as part of the synagogue service.


SMILES add value to our FACE

SMILES add value to our FACE,
LOVE adds value to our HEART,
RESPECT adds value to our BEHAVIOR.


FRIENDS & FAMILY add value to our LIFE.







love shayari

Love Shayari Pictue Shayarie Sha


Happy Janamastmi


%d bloggers like this: